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The mountain with the mythical name, Mount Olympus, is the most important mountain range of Greece.
It is the highest mountain in Greece and the second in altitude in the Balkan peninsula.
The complex geological history of the region is also revealed by the morphology of the National Forest and Mount Olympus in its totality: A typical feature is its deep ravines and the smooth tops, many of which with an altitude over 2.000m.
Still, the central, almost vertical rocky tops are the ones that impress the visitor. At the left leg one finds the tallest top of Greece, Mytikas (“Pantheon” - 2.918m) while at the right, Stefani, (2.909m), believed to be the most impressive and steep top of Olympus, where the last 200m of almost vertical ascension are the most exhausting part of the route. More to the south, Skolio (2.912m), completes an arc of roughly 200 degrees, with steep slopes forming on the west side, like wall, an impressive abyssal amphitheatric cavity with a depth of 700m, called “Megala Kazania
To the north side, between Stefani and Prophet Elias, the Plateau of the Muses stretches at 2.550m while to the south, almost at the centre of this mountainous mass, one comes across the alpine meadows of Bara at an altitude of  2.350m.
The most typical ravines are those of Mavrologos-Enipeas (14km) and Mavratzas-Sparmos (13km) which almost meet at Bara and separate the mountainous mass in two ellipsoid parts.
At the south foot, the long ravine of Ziliana, 13 km in length, is the natural boundary between the mountain and Lower Olympus. There are many gulches as well as a series of caves, many of which remain unexplored. Nature and the configuration of the rocks in relation to the climate encourage the presence of numerous springs, at an altitude of less than 2.000m, small seasonal lakes and streams, and a small river, Enipeas, which springs at the position Prionia.
The mountainous are of Olympus presents an impressive variety and complexity which satisfies not only the amateur hiker but also the most demanding climber and offers wonderful routes through dense forests, over mountain ridges and along secret paths throughout and around the mountain.
The majority of paths are well maintained and have signs guiding the visitors. Additionally, the last 300 - 400 m. of the paths leading to the most difficult to access tops, Mytikas and Stefani are marked in red, step by step, to ensure the safety of climbers.
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