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The palace and royal tombs of Vergina.

In this area, the former capital of the ancient Macedonian state, Aegae, was located. A visitor can find here the Palace, the Ancient Theatre and the Royal Tombs. The Tomb of Phillip and the invaluable findings (gold larnax, wreaths, shield etc) it contained have made the area renowned all over the world. The Royal Tombs site is an impressive location for any visitors.

In 1997, the archaeologist M. Andronikos revealed the Royal Tombs of “Great Tumulus” the most important among which was the one of Phillip II (359-336 B.C.), a revelation that was regarded as one of the most important archaeological findings of the century. Ever since, excavations have brought to light a series of important monuments.

The most significant monuments and architectural complexes of the archaeological sites of Vergina-Aegae are the following:

  • The royal tombs of the Great Tumulus. This entails three Macedonian tombs and a boxy one. Among them, one can see the tomb of Phillip II (336 B.C.) which was not looted and a boxy one, looted, possibly belonging to King Alexander IV (310 B.C.). Both tombs are decorated with brilliant wall paintings, works by great distinguished artists.

  • The royal tombs at the NW of the town. This group entails two Macedonian tombs, one dating back to the 3rd century B.C. and the other, possibly belonging to Evridiki, the mother of Phillip II, dating back to 340 B.C. What is more, there are three boxy tombs of the 5th and 4th century B.C. and four dug out tombs of the post-archaic period.

  • The cemetery of the tombs. It is the impressive necropolis of the Iron Age (11th-8th century B.C.) consisting by more than 300 earthen tombs, covering clusters of tombs rich in gems and precious items.

  • The Palace and the Theatre. Both these significant monuments are part of the same complex, dating back to the 4th century B.C. The palace develops around a big columned yard with a sanctuary dedicated to Hercules Patroos, also including luxurious symposium halls for the king and his officers. A mosaic floor is still preserved in one of them. 

  • The sanctuary of Efklia. It is found at the north of the Theatre and includes two temples of the 4th and 3rd century B.C. as well as a series of offerings, among which there are two stands of offerings by Queen Evridiki, the grandmother of Alexander the Great.

  • The Acropolis and the wall of the town. It is located at the south of the settlement on a rather remote hill. The wall extends to the east. Parts of the surrounding wall as well as the residences of the Hellenistic years have been excavated. The fortification of Aegae dates back to the early Hellenistic times (end of 4th – beginning of 3rd century B.C.).


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